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Urban Resilience and Climate Change in Myanmar: Capacity-Building Programme about to start


Nay Pyi Taw, June 2017 — MCCA is really proud to confirm that a programme to build capacities of City Development Councils (CDCs) and Townships in Myanmar is about to start.

In short

The programme is designed to support the implementation of the 4th pillar of the Myanmar Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan: “Building Resilient, Inclusive and Sustainable Cities & Towns”.

The programme will involve several townships and CDCs, the Department of Housing and Urbanization (DHUD) and Department of Building of the Ministry of Construction, and other departments.

The programme will train on-the-job and through study visits a number of city-practitioners and officials to integrate resilience consideration in urban planning and development.

Follow us here for more information! Also check the Vulnerability Assessment MCCA prepared for Labutta and Pakokku here: http://myanmarccalliance.org/en/mcca-partners/documents/


A bit more information

In effect, in 2014, around 14.9 million of Myanmar’s 51.48 million population lived in urban areas —around 29.6 per cent of the population (GoM 2015b). The country has 330 towns and cities; Yangon and Mandalay account for 20 per cent of the urban population and generate a significant proportion of the nation’s GDP.

Both cities and towns in Myanmar are exposed to recurring rapid-onset natural hazards, such as cyclones and floods. Yangon was badly affected by Cyclone Nargis in 2008 and smaller towns like Laputta also suffered huge numbers of casualties and extensive damage. Urban areas in flood-prone areas or those that expYangon 1low1erience increased water runoff due to more impermeable surfaces, will increasingly lose assets and lives to the floods that result from more intense rains. Coastal towns such as Bogalay may have to entirely redesign their form and infrastructure — or even partly relocate — because of sea level rise. Increasing water shortages may result in higher prices for services in Yangon and Mandalay and threaten affordability and incomes. The sub-national stakeholder consultations indicated that small towns near coastal areas and delta are exposed to cyclones, flooding and sea level rise.

Longer-term, slower-onset changes — such as increased temperature and changing rainfall patterns — will have serious effects that can drive rural-urban migration. For example, the local consultations and 2014 census confirmed that changes in climate observed over the last 20 years in the Dry Zone have decreased crop productivity and resulted in migration, redistributing the population from rural to urban areas or abroad (GoM 2015b). Projected climate change scenarios are also likely to affect small and mid-sized towns — such as Pakokku or Lashio — which depend on largely rain-fed agro-business. They may experience increased food prices and water shortages, which could impair their attractiveness for business, work-force and competitiveness. This, in turn, could affect their role in the national strategic spatial development plan.

This must be urgently

Engineers of the Mandalay City Development Council discussing resilience options in a Strategic Urban Planning training delivered by UN-Habitat and MCCA CTA

addressed. The country between 2015 an 2017 has developed an action plan for 15 years to achieve the Resilient, inclusive and sustainable cities and towns where people can live and thrive by 2030.

To do this, Myanmar wants to achieve the following results:

  1. Town and city residents have access to resilient infrastructure and services that protect them from natural hazards of increased intensity, continue to perform during and after shocks and are best adapted to the new climatic context
  2. Climate change resilience, low-carbon development and social inclusivity approaches are defining elements of urban planning and development, providing mitigation and adaptation co-benefits
  3. New buildings are designed and constructed to be energy- and resource-efficient and resilient to natural hazards and disasters; they emit less carbon and produce savings from reduced energy consumption, thus providing equity and affordability

MCCA has designed a capacity-building programme for initiating this action plan. The programme is starting soon, stay tuned for the details!

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