Myanmar Climate Change Strategy & Action Plan (MCCSAP)

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The Myanmar Climate Change Strategy & Action Plan (MCCSAP) presents a roadmap to guide Myanmar’s strategic responses to address climate related risks and opportunities over the next 15 years and beyond. The Strategy and Action Plan aims to support key actors in their decision making at the national and local level to respond to the challenges and opportunities associated with climate change.

The Strategy outlines a vision, goal and objectives to guide a transition to a climate resilient and low carbon development pathway that will deliver inclusive economic and social development. It identifies priority actions in key development sectors to build the adaptive capacity of communities and sectors and to promote low carbon development. The Strategy also outlines an implementation framework to coordinate and implement climate resilient and low carbon development initiatives.

Strategic Vision

The strategic vision of the strategy is to develop Myanmar as a nation that is resilient to the impacts of climate change and is able to harness the benefits of low carbon development for present and future generations in an inclusive manger.

Overall Purpose: The MCCSAP aims to direct the government and its development partners, private sector entities, civil society and households to invest in a climate resilient and low carbon development pathway to secure inclusive and sustainable development.

Goal: Myanmar achieved climate resilient development and pursued a low-carbon development pathway by 2030 to support inclusive and sustainable development.

Objectives:

  • To increase the adaptive capacity of vulnerable communities and sectors so that they are resilient to the adverse impacts of climate change; and
  • To create and maximize use of opportunities for sectors to pursue a low carbon development pathway by ensuring development benefits to communities and all economic sectors.

Sectoral Expected Accomplishments

The Strategy has identified six key sector entry points to deliver inclusive climate resilient and low carbon development outcomes. The entry points include primary, secondary and service sectors, which contribute significantly to current and future economic and social development.

Climate Smart Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock for Food Security

Sectoral Aim: To maintain food and livelihood security of Myanmar by adopting climate resilient responses in agriculture, fisheries and livestock sectors including promotion of resource efficient and low carbon practices.Sectoral Outcome:Climate-resilient productivity and climate-smart responses in the agriculture, fisheries and livestock sectors to support food security and livelihood strategies while also promoting resource-efficient and low-carbon practices.

Sectoral Expected Results:

  1. The agriculture, fisheries and livestock sectors have integrated climate change into their relevant policies, planning and budgeting procedures and have put these into practice, taking into account gender considerations.
  2. The agriculture, fisheries and livestock sectors have adopted climate-resilient and environmentally sound adaptation technologies and climate-smart management practices, supported by international and domestic finance;and
  3. Institutional coordination and multi-stakeholder engagement framework have been established and support the implementation of climate-smart responses in the agricultural, fisheries and livestock sectors, including innovative business models and gender-sensitive approaches.

Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Healthy Eco-System

Sectoral Aim: To sustain the support to the economic and social sectors’ performance by maintaining and enhancing healthy environmental resources, ecosystem and ecosystem services, and rich biodiversity.Sectoral Outcome: Natural resource management that enhances the resilience of biodiversity and ecosystem services that support social and economic development and deliver carbon sequestration.

Sectoral Expected Results:

  1. Climate change dimensions are incorporated and enforced in environment and natural resources management policies, rules and regulations,including gender considerations;
  2. Environmentally sound technologies and good management practices are adopted to improve and maintain forest,water, land and coastal ecosystems, health and services;
  3. Framework for institutional coordination and multi-stakeholder engagement is established and supports access to finance and implementation of responses for health, environment and natural resources management.

Resilient and Low Carbon Energy, Transport and Industrial Systems for Sustainable Growth

Sectoral Aim: To support sustainable economic growth and social development by enhancing resilience and fostering low carbon system in energy, transport and industrial sectors in Myanmar.Sectoral Outcome: Climate resilient and low carbon energy, transport and industrial systems  that support inclusive and sustainable development and economic growth.

Sectoral Expected Results:

  1. Energy security for the country is based on generating a large share of its energy from renewable sources and high energy efficiency in domestic, industrial and other use;
  2. Transport systems are adapted to heightened risks of disasters from new climatic conditions, and sustainable to efficiency and low-carbon technologies;
  3. Industrial systems are highly productive and competitive due to their climate resilience, sustainable, low-carbon and green characteristics.

Resilient, Inclusive, and Sustainable cities and towns where people can live and thrive

Sectoral Aim: To build resilience to increased risks of natural rapid and slow on-set disasters for all township and city dwellers, with a focus on the most vulnerable, and develop sustainable and inclusive towns.Sectoral Outcome: All township and city dwellers, including the most vulnerable, are safe from increased risks of rapid- and slow-onset natural disasters and live in sustainable, inclusive, low-carbon, climate-resilient towns.

Sectoral Expected Results:

  1. Town and city residents have access to resilient infrastructure and services that protect them from natural hazards of increased intensity, continue to perform during and after the shocks, and are best adapted to the new climatic context;
  2. Climate change resilience, low-carbon development and social inclusive approaches are  defining elements of urban planning and development, providing mitigation and adaptation co-benefits;
  3. New buildings are designed and constructed to be energy and resource efficient and resilient to natural hazards and disasters, so that they emit less carbon and produce savings from reduced energy consumption,  providing equity and affordability.

Climate Risk Management for People’s Health and Well-being

Sectoral Aim:To build capacities and capabilities of communities and economic sectors in Myanmar to responds to and recover from climate induced disasters and risks, and build a healthy society.Sectoral Outcome: Communities and economic sectors are able to respond to and recover from climate-induced disasters, risks and health impacts and build a healthy society.

Sectoral Expected Results:

  1. Climate risk management system in Myanmar is well established, robust and nationally integrated to respond effectively to increased intensity and impact of risks and hazards on the people’s health and well-being;
  2. Myanmar has improved social protection, gender consideration and risk finance capacity to prepare for and recover from potential loss and damage resulting from climate change;
  3. Myanmar’s health system  is improved can deal with climate-induced health hazards and support climate-vulnerable communities to respond effectively to disaster and health hazards from climate change.

Education, Science and Technology for a Resilient Society

Sectoral Aim: To build a climate smart society and the human capital to design and implement climate resilient and low carbon development solutions for inclusive and sustainable development.Sectoral Outcome: Strengthened education, awareness and technological systems that foster a climate-responsive society and human capital to design and implement climate-resilient and low-carbon development solutions for inclusive and sustainable development.

Sectoral Expected Results:

  1. The capacity of actors in the education sector is developed to integrate principles of sustainability, low-carbon development and resilience into the curricula at primary, secondary and tertiary levels;
  2. The capacity of actors in the science, technology and education sectors is developed to generate research and build and use climate information systems;
  3. The institutional capacity and multi-stakeholder partnership are enhanced to access and manage climate financing to ensure climate-responsive education, science and technology.

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